Softball: history, rules and differences from baseball

August, 16 2023

Softball is a team sport that is very similar to baseball but has its own characteristics.


Softball was invented in Chicago in 1887. It began as an indoor version of baseball, played indoors during the winter. However, over time, softball took to the streets and became a popular summer sport. The name “softball” comes from the soft ball used in the game.

The basic rules are:

  1. Teams: The game involves two teams of 10 players (unlike baseball where there are 9 players per team).
  2. Ball: The ball in softball is larger and softer than in baseball.
  3. Bat: Softball bats are usually shorter and can be made from a variety of materials including wood, aluminium and composite materials.
  4. Field: A softball field is smaller than a baseball field.
  5. Throws: In softball, the ball is pitched from the bottom up, while in baseball it is pitched from the top down.

Differences from baseball:

  1. Field size: A softball field is usually smaller.
  2. Ball size and characteristics: The ball in softball is larger and softer.
  3.  Method of pitching: In softball, the ball is pitched from bottom to top.
  4. Number of Players: In softball, teams consist of 10 players; in baseball, teams consist of 9 players.
  5. Length of the match: Softball matches are usually shorter.
  6. Bat: In softball, bats are usually shorter and lighter.

Despite the many similarities to baseball, softball has its own unique strategy and style of play. The sport is popular in many countries and is often chosen by women and girls, although there are also men’s and mixed teams.

Softball: equipment and gear

Softball, like any other sport, requires certain equipment and inventory to play safely and effectively. Here are the basic items that players need:

  1. Softball Ball: It differs from a baseball in size and softness. They are usually yellow in colour and can be of varying degrees of softness depending on the league and level of play.
  2. Bat: Softball bats are usually made of aluminium, composite materials or wood. They can vary in length and weight depending on player preference and competition regulations.
  3. Glove: Softball gloves are usually wider and deeper than baseball gloves to make it easier to catch a larger ball.
  4. Baseball Hood: Protects your head from the sun and helps you focus on the game.
  5. Running spikes: Especially important for running the bases. They usually have rubber or plastic spikes and provide good traction on the ground.
  6. Helmet: Especially important for players standing on strike to protect the head from unpredictable throws.
  7. Shin and chest protection: For the catcher to protect against ball strikes.
  8. Catcher’s Mask: Protects the catcher’s face from the ball.
  9. Catcher’s Trap: A special glove that makes it easier for the catcher to catch balls.
  10. Protective goggles: Some players choose to wear these for extra protection.
  11. Belt and game shorts: For comfort and to maintain uniform.
  12. Protective wristbands and kneepads: These accessories can provide additional protection against bruises and injuries when playing.

When choosing softball equipment, it is important to consider size, comfort level, and quality of materials. Most leagues have specific equipment requirements, so it is advisable to consult with the coach or league organisers before purchasing.